Alfa Romeo Alfasud 1.2
The Alfa Romeo Alfasud was a compact car made by the Italian car maker Alfa Romeo from 1971 to 1989. It was built at a new factory at Pomigliano d'Arco in southern Italy, hence the car's name, Alfa Sud (Alfa South) and was developed by Austrian Rudolf Hruschka. At its debut at the Turin Motor Show in 1971, it received positive reviews for its styling (by Giorgetto Giugiaro of ItalDesign) and handling. It featured a 1,186 cc Flat-4 engine. Initially, it was made available as a four-door sedan and later included a sporty two-door TI or Touring International model. In 1974 a more luxurious SE model was released, which was succeeded by the 'L' or Lusso model in 1975. That year, the first four-door Alfasud was produced with a 5-speed gearbox – the 5M model. Then, in 1976 the Alfa Romeo Alfasud Sprint was introduced, featuring a lower, more angular design, a 1,286 cc 75 hp (56 kW) engine, and a five-speed gearbox. This engine was later fitted in the standard Alfasuds, creating the 1300 TI models. Additionally, a 1,490 cc engine was made available to all body shapes, with an initial output of 85 hp (63 kW). By the end of the Alfasud's life, the engine had been tuned to produce 105 hp (78 kW) in the Green Cloverleaf model.
Throughout its lifetime, the Alfa Romeo Alfasud experienced a number of mechanical faults, particularly with its reputation for heavy rust and a tendency to overheat in tropical climates. To combat these issues, the car was upgraded with plastic bumpers and other revision in 1980. A hatchback was added to the original shape in 1981 and the Giardinetta model was deleted from markets. In 1983, the Alfa Romeo Alfasud sedans were replaced by the Alfa Romeo Arna and Alfa Romeo 33 models. The latter model was based heavily on the Alfasud’s floorpan and running gear, with slight alterations to the suspension and substitution of the four-wheel disc brakes for rear drum brakes. The Alfa Romeo Alfasud Sprint was then renamed as the Alfa Sprint, and continued to be produced until 1989.
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