Lancia Aurelia B20 GT 1951 posters

Lancia Aurelia B20 GT

The Lancia Aurelia is a renowned Gran Turismo automobile, designed by Vittorio Jano. Introduced in 1950, it's production run lasted until the summer of 1958. The Aurelia was ahead of its time, featuring the first ever production V6 engine. It was a 60° design developed by de Virgilio, a Lancia engineer working under Jano, and had a displacement of 1.8 L, increasing to 2.5 L. This engine was equipped with a hemispherical combustion chamber, inline valves and a single Weber 40 carburettor. The rear drivetrain used a unique combination transaxle with the gearbox, clutch, differential and inboard-mounted drum brakes and the front suspension employed a sliding pillar design, while the rear adopted a de Dion tube in the Fourth series. First series The initial Aurelias were the B10 berlinas, equipped with a 1754 cc version of the V6 engine generating 56 hp. This was later modified to the B21 with a larger 1991 cc engine producing 70 hp. A 2-door B20 GT coupé released the same year, which featured a shortened wheelbase and a body designed by Ghia and built by Pininfarina. The 1991 cc engine was further tuned to generate 75 hp in the B20. Around 500 of these cars were produced in their first series. Second series Subsequent versions of the B20 GT featured an increased compression ratio and repositioned valves, allowing it to generate 80 hp. Other alterations included chromed bumpers, a bigger braking system and a new dashboard integrated with two larger instrument gauges. The suspension remained unchanged. A new B22 sedan was introduced in 1952, powered by a 1991 cc V6 motor with dual Webers and a hotter camshaft, achieving 90 hp.

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